Savea Sano Malifa, founder and Editor-in-Chief of the Samoa Observer recently supplied me with a perfect example of the mindset and conduct of a Samoan who lives (and in Savea’s case works) in the world of gossip.
What is unusual for me is that this example is remarkably clear and in writing, from an influential Samoan leader. Apart from the many witnesses who have spoken to me and emails proving professional misconduct of a government department CEO, it is actually the first time that I have documentary proof for others to see of the mostly hidden workings of the Samoan gossip machine.
Samoa is widely recognised to have a strong “coconut grapevine”, a more politically correct phrase that when you boil it down actually means “gossip”. I have blogged previously about my experiences dealing with “stories that precede my arrival” (again, a.k.a. gossip), but my business dealings with Savea and a recent extraordinary email exchange between Savea and myself could not be a clearer example of how the Samoans live, and can die, by gossip.
There are other lessons too from this saga, but it is the way that gossip, when combined with pride destroy, that absolutely fascinates me.
Motive for public disclosure
First, before I give the background to a little sorry saga with Savea, THIS IS NOT A “GET AT SAVEA” POST! You have my word on that. Should Savea ever have a change of heart, I would be happy to help him and his business in any way he wanted. I’ve already offered that to him in person. I stated it again in my recent reply. I mean it too. I’ve also gone deliberately to a Pastor and made that same commitment for the record, so I’m not out to pull him down.
Sure, I have a beef: his company “ripped me off” and he mouthed off some stuff (that actually says more about him than it does me). I think the guy is a “goose” and clearly “has an attitude”. I only know him personally from one, one-hour meeting, and of course what I have heard from others about him (which while possibly gossip itself may also have some degree of truth to it), but apart from this and what is written online, he’s still a pretty distant chap to me.
But if I really wanted to pull the guy down, I could have many ways up my sleeve that I could make life uncomfortable for him or cause him pain, and all legal. For example, as of today, his personal domain name is still available. It would be easy to register www.saveamalifa.com or www.saveasanoamalifa.om and open it up to comments for his detractors (and there certainly are a few!). A couple of bucks and a couple of hours putting together a hate website would also probably give him a never-ending source of stories for his Editorials too! It could be done anonymously so he would never know who did it, but I’m not into any games like that. I just want to get on and live life the best I can.
I could enter the seedy world of ego-driven tit-for-tat journalism that government journalist Terry Tavita has done with him (attack on editor, attack on editorial) or in the crude but stately (respectful in Samoa) tit-for-tat with the Prime Minister Tuila’epa that he has every now and then (letter exchange, PM complains, reply to complaint). While Samoan journalists may enjoy such bantering, that game is definitely a race to zero. Both sides make fools of themselves and just deceive themselves that they “won [something]”.
I could sue him, and/or his company and take a civil case against Samoa Observer for a breach of contract and perhaps even consequential loss too. I’d probably get a bit of money – being in Samoa though, I may not – but while I reserve the right to do this, I won’t be suing him or his company at the moment. “Can’t be bothered!” would be my current take on it, really.
Instead, I blog here, and will use his words, character and performance as a teaching point for others. My real motives for blogging about Savea here are three-fold:
- I want to show Samoa the power of the Internet. People search the Internet, and read posts like this the world over. Years from now people will be reading this post and contacting me with various feedback. Word gets around. Savea will know about the post in due course, as will many others in business, the media and government, both on-island and off-shore. The Internet can be a very powerful communications tool. I know how to use it. Many people here in Samoa don’t. Savea clearly doesn’t, as I showed last year when his company lost all historical data in Google. I blogged in time for his company to fix their website, and I even spoke to his staff alerting them to the problem, in time for them to resurrect the archives, but while losing all in Google may be the ultimate in incompetence in my world, his team threw away years of value and an asset through carelessness and he did nothing. By posting about my experiences, good and bad I can show people how the technology can be used. Savea is a man of power, able to influence many in Samoa through his newspaper. I know that harnessing the Internet has a far greater reach than a mere newspaper, even if it is the leading Samoan paper. His stories last a day in the minds of his audience. The archives and a Google search for Savea Sano Malifa though, will stay forever. UPDATE: 16 Feb 2013. For the record, only one hour after posting here, Google presented this post at number six on their SERPs for the search phrase “Savea Sano Malifa” and “Sano Malifa” and the number 11 spot for “Savea Malifa”. I have taken no action to promote yet within hours viewers had visited from California, Auckland, Lower Hutt, Nord-pas-de-Calais, Wiri and Apia. The Internet can be a powerful communications tool.
- I want people to know the truth – sure, about Savea, but also about me. In regards to speaking the truth (even if it is politically incorrect or difficult) Cameron Slater, New Zealand’s top blogger says it well, that “sunlight is the best disinfectant”. Bringing out the truth in public is an important part of who I am and what I do. I didn’t come to Samoa to expose the crooks, nor to sort them out, but if in the proccess of doing business here people want to rip me off and don’t care about the fact that I am an author and blogger, then in my eyes, they just make fools of themselves when they treat me like dirt and the truth then does come out. People in Samoa misjudge me all the time up-front but gradually one-by-one some people are starting to realise the truth about me – I AM a man of my word; I CAN be trusted; I DO shoot straight, and I NEVER give up.
- I’m a blogger and an author. I’m also an ex-teacher. I take my life experiences and share them with others, teaching and informing via the written word. I’ve done this for decades, certainly long before I came to Samoa. Nothing has or will ever change in this department. When I can see a way to teach about aspects of the Samoan culture, in a way that people can connect the dots, and see things from a biblical viewpoint, then I will do this. As you will see from the email exchange with Savea, I couldn’t have a clearer example of the effect of the power of gossip mixed with pride.
So, Savea gets a write-up. It’s not entitled Savea Sano Malifa sux, or Savea Sano Malifa the liar, thief or similar. I’m focussing on the impact of gossip upon a proud man, fooled by gossip.
- I came to Samoa from New Zealand in September 2009 and immigrated in February 2010.
- I’ve blogged extensively about the Samoan culture, particularly in the context of the Christian world-view. This is my interest and I guess you could say it is a passion of mine.
- My third book, A little Slice of Paradise is currently pending publication and talks a lot about the Samoan culture alongside the factual events of my first few years in Paradise.
- I approached Savea on the 5th October 2012 (more than three years after I first came to Samoa), introduced myself, chatted a while with him in his office and told him that I would be interested in writing a column “Palagi Perspectives”, and shared a little of the planned subjects.
- We agreed to a deal – I would write 300-600 words weekly (as long as it “made people think and didn’t get him sued”) and he’d run one daily classified advertisement for me, which was a roughly agreed equivalent value. I summarised this conversation and our agreement by email to Savea that same afternoon. He instructed his staff accordingly.
- I blogged about the new challenge at the time.
- I delivered, on time as promised and Samoa Observer published the columns for several months.
- Samoa Observer though didn’t deliver the advertisements as agreed. Despite several calls over those months, and follow-up visits, Samoa Observer dropped the ball badly. They didn’t or wouldn’t reconcile my account, although the Editor did recognise that they “should honour any deal they agreed to”.
- Savea got news from his Editor that I had suggested that to rectify historical matters, he should just pay me for the missing adverts and start the adverts running properly, then he fired me off an email that contained a little bit of flowery language, basically telling me to F*** off!
So, now . . . to the actual email communication, my response and my comments.
Received: 2 February 2013 13:10
I’m in Auckland. I’ve been forwarded your correspondences by Mata’afa.
For some reason I knew something like this would come up. I was warned
about you. Now I believe.
Just bear in mind that I did not come to you asking that you
contributed columns. You came to me. I told you we did not need any
more columns but you insisted saying we did not have to pay you, but
to just put your advert in the paper.
Now you are proposing to just “simply pay me for the articles to date,
then commence adverts as orginally agreed for say, the next month, and
then we reassess the whole thing?”
What are you talking about? Are you joking?
Dennis, let me tell you straight. I have no time for smooth talking
opportunists who push their way in thinking they can get away with
anything. I know well your kind of people.
I don’t care about how many “PP (lousy) stories you have just
completed for the next five weekends.” I would just throw them in the
rubbish if I was you.
Any relationship we might have had stops right here.
Savea Sano Malifa.
Sent to Savea three hours later: 2 February 2013 16:01
> Hi Dennis,
> I’m in Auckland. I’ve been forwarded your correspondences by Mata’afa.
> For some reason I knew something like this would come up. I was warned
> about you. Now I believe.I’m not interested in gossip.
> Just bear in mind that I did not come to you asking that you
> contributed columns. You came to me. I told you we did not need any
> more columns but you insisted saying we did not have to pay you, but
> to just put your advert in the paper.It takes two to tango Savea and you are most definitely not a weak puppy dog that bowed to a manipulative Palagi. We are simply two businessmen who entered into an agreement. It was a simple one – I would write a weekly column between 300-600 words that made people think and wouldn’t get you sued; you valued 300-600 words at $150.00 and I suggested a contra of 7x daily classified adverts; you agreed; we confirmed it all in writing; you instructed your staff accordingly; I delivered (no less than 600 words weekly with a unique Samoan photograph as well); your company didn’t. What does it matter if I came to you with the suggestion or whether you came to me?
> Now you are proposing to just “simply pay me for the articles to date,
> then commence adverts as orginally agreed for say, the next month, and
> then we reassess the whole thing?”
> What are you talking about? Are you joking?
Not at all and it was only a suggestion to solve the problem that you had by not placing the adverts. As I explained to Keni, not placing the adverts, despite my multiple requests to do so has caused me loss of opportunity. No adverts in the peak season not only means no business, but I lost the opportunity to measure the effectiveness of your print adverts for the limousines in the lead-up to Christmas (the primary reason that I approached you in November and suggested an advertising contra BTW). I gave my suggestion to Keni which I thought was quite reasonable which was to start afresh with adverts from that date and just pay me for the columns supplied to that date. If your company did’t honour our agreement then if you are a man of ethics, you should find another way to get an agreed value returned to me. What is YOUR suggestion Savea? You have mine.
> Dennis, let me tell you straight. I have no time for smooth talking
>opportunists who push their way in thinking they can get away with
>anything. I know well your kind of people.Calling me names achieves nothing positive Savea and I will address your assumptions here in more detail shortly.
> I don’t care about how many “PP (lousy) stories you have just
> completed for the next five weekends.” I would just throw them in the
> rubbish if I was you.
It is nice to finally have some feedback from you over the columns, even if it is the one word “lousy” but if Keni unilaterally stops publishing the column, without informing me, and I continue to produce as per the original agreement then you are still liable to pay for them. I cannot read Keni’s mind! If you had continued placing the adverts and I didn’t deliver, I am SURE that you would have been asking me to pay for the adverts. Am I not correct? Your business doesn’t just give away your value do you?So what is different if YOUR company fails to deliver, and I do?
>Any relationship we might have had stops right here.No problem if you insist, but only once we have, as Keni says, “sorted” the account issue. I’ve asked three times for an account reconciliation. Keni too has stated that “if we agreed to publish the adverts, then we [Samoa Observer] should do that”. I would like to continue the Palagi Perspectives column as I have had positive feedback from readers and Keni has accepted them as suitable for publication thus far, but we do have an unresolved issue to sort first.
>Savea Sano Malifa.
Savea, may I please speak to you on another level?
I DO understand your position here. I came to you and suggested the column and you seemed to have expected trouble. Whatever. As we all know, gossip abounds in Samoa and I am and have been a big target since the day I got here.
The point I want to make here is this . . . I delivered. Your “smooth talking opportunist” who “pushed [his] way in” may actually be a straight-talking author and blogger who waited three years before contacting you and then regularly delivered a small but consistent column with original thought, as we agreed.
I think that you may not have all the information about your companies performance. I think that you may have also fallen victim of the Samoan gossip machine that has followed me around like a bad smell. I also think that you may have acted in haste by firing off these comments before fully understanding the picture.
If I’m wrong and you know full well that the adverts didn’t run, please, just let me know this and I’ll accept that reality, and resolve the account matter another way. Furthermore if you are certain that you know and understand me and “my type” so be it. Time will surely prove the matter to you, but you would not be the first person to mis-judge me and my character. May I suggest that you enquire of BOTH sides to any story before settling on one?
I believe I am a man of integrity and principle, an ultra-creative deep thinker with a big heart – probably the direct polar opposite to what you are currently thinking that I am. I believe that many people will be reassessing the gossip that they have heard when they read my book “A little Slice of Paradise” which details my first few years in Samoa. As you well know, there are always two sides to any story.
If you would reconsider your response in the light of this communication, I would seek a short face-to-face meeting to shake hands and get on with life without any conflict, yes even, column or no column.
My first comments are actually pretty straight-forward. I think that Savea has acted like a “dick” and that in reply I’ve extended him and his company a LOT of grace, patience and goodwill. There’s more to this story that I haven’t posted online, but for a guy who has been sued and hurt badly before and who supposedly wants to avoid being sued again (he said this more than once to my face), he’s got a pretty strange way of going about getting there!
But that said now, the point of this post is that Savea was clearly fooled by gossip and this combined with his pride set him up for his “fall”.
By way of explanation, Samoa has a challenging history in regards to foreign investment. She seems to invite dreamers, crooks and all manner of trouble from people offshore (Palagi, “white-skins”) who for many decades, possibly a century or more have come here smooth-talking and failing to deliver, many times ripping the locals off. Samoans themselves invite a lot of this trouble because they want to get rich quick along with some other attributes that I won’t go into here, but the bottom line is that trust between the Samoan and the Palagi is ultra-low.
The gossip about me along these very lines (that I’m just another smooth-talking “BS” Palagi) I believe started in October 2009, and as best as I can deduce can be traced back to the CEO of a major government department. The sisterhood then seems to have taken it up and it spread quickly and has stuck. While I do not obviously know who Savea’s supplier of gossip is or what they said. If it is anything like what the rest of the Samoan community says, it is clear why Savea said what he did when he said:
I was warned about you. Now I believe.
Savea was set up to believe the gossip. Something then occurred that appeared to support the gossip’s contention and he has acted on it without thinking for a moment to check the facts first.
This would have been good for him if it were even partly true, but it’s not. I was the one who delivered – and his company didn’t! It would be very easy for any third party to establish the facts – simply go to the library and look at any Sunday Samoan which has a Palagi Perspective column; check the classified advertisements on the week following and see if there are any advertisements for me (the limousine service) and if there isn’t, then what I am saying is fact! They have also acknowledged that there are shortfall on the agreed adverts.
So now to the issue of pride. Everyone can make a mistake – that in itself is not a big deal. Samoa Observer made a lot of mistakes not putting my advert in as they contracted to do, and even after my repeated requests it was still in my opinion unprofessional and stupid, but one could get over that with a simple deal to fix the problem. I think that Savea also personally made a mistake listening to gossip and pre-judging the situation, but the real error, which I think is one caused by his pride, is this . . .
When you’ve made a mistake you should confess it and fix any problem – not ignore it and hope it will go away, and especially not lie and hurl insults at a straight- shooting, no nonsense, Palagi who also just happens to be an author, blogger, has no fear and never gives up!
Savea didn’t respond to my email. Not the next day . . . not the next week . . . or two . . . or three! I cc’d it to his Editor as well.
I phoned to speak to him and his wife Jean asked me to phone him on his cellphone. He never answered and didn’t reply to my text request to meet in person to sort it.
Now, sure, he may not have received one email, sure his Editor may have overlooked the matter for a month or so, sure his wife might not have told him that I called, sure he may not have received one text from me, sure he may have been meaning to contact me and resolve the issue that his Editor raised with him about my account, but I don’t think so. I’m sure that he’s doing the very Samoanish thing when there is trouble – emulating an ostritch.
I’ll give him one thing though, it’s very clear that when Savea said . . .
Any relationship we might have had stops right here.
he meant it. I like that. A man of his word – okay sure, maybe when it suits him, but good on him!
Even if he doesn’t honour his debts or want to keep a business relationship open to me, my door is open any time for Savea. If he sets the matter straight, I’ll update the post, and as always he has a right of reply.
In the meantime though let the truth be known.
The Samoan Gossip Machine: 1
Thanks are due to several people who have helped me throughout this saga:
In a strange way Savea is due thanks – no thanks are due for dropping the ball, buying the gossip and mouthing off, except that he gave me the subject matter for another chapter to the book A little Slice of Paradise and this blog post. He did however take my writing and publish it in his paper weekly for a few months, so regardless that I got little out of it, he did actually do me a service in that. I appreciated the opportunity to think about and talk to a Samoan audience. I actually enjoyed it.
His Editor is due thanks. Keni attempted to keep the door open to continuing the Palagi Perspectives articles when he said “Once [the account matter] is sorted, then we’ll look at the viability of future pieces”. He also showed a degree of concern when he said that Samoa Observer should honour its agreements. I’m sure that some of that concern may have been to protect his own butt because the failures happened on his watch, but I do appreciate someone who tries to do the right thing.
Thanks are due to the people who responded to the Palagi Perspectives column. I only had a few responses but not one of them was negative and a couple of them were very very supportive.
There’s quite a bit more to Savea’s communication and our failed business relationship that can be good learning experience for others – those wanting to engage with Savea, the Samoa Observer and Samoan businessmen in general.
Apart from listening to and acting on gossip, Savea demonstrates here three aspects of the Samoan culture that really wind up Palagi and that cause no end of grief for business people not used to Samoan ways. He lies. He attacks me personally and he doesn’t apologise or deal with the facts (i.e. the truth). Sadly for me, this is all too common in Samoa.
First, to the misrepresentation. Pride always comes before a fall. Faced with the appearance that he was dealing with a fast-talking BS artist, Savea himself spoke loosely with the truth. He lied when he said:
I told you we did not need any more columns but you insisted saying we did not have to pay you, but to just put your advert in the paper.
Savea never said this and totally misrepresents the meeting that we had. I know because I was actually there (!) and I summarised our agreement in writing to him. In close to an hour he never once said or even implied that he didn’t want any new columns. The truth is that he said several times that he would be happy to have (conditionally) something that “made people think”. I was the one who asked him at least twice whether he wanted to have editorial input into the proposed columns – the subject, angle, style or whatever, to which he at least twice responded that he would leave it all up to me. I blogged about this extraordinary freedom that he gave me at the time”
I was interested that he required no editorial input from himself or his team other than to ensure that the copy is
not likely to get me [or me] sued . . . and . . . “gets people to think”.
They call people with power here “big men”. I’m impressed that he is confident enough to do this, and appreciate the opportunity to do exactly that – “get people to think”. In this sense he certainly is a “big man”.
In terms agreeing on the form of payment, Savea and I discussed the commercial value of 300-600 words AFTER we had agreed to the basic concept! I had to ask him how he valued the proposed production because I didn’t know how Samoa Observer paid their writers. Far from me insisting that Samoa Observer didn’t have to pay, I discussed the value of the work BEFORE we talked about the adverts. Savea mentioned a figure. I mentally calculated the equivalent value in classified advertising, then checked with Savea that my maths was correct. He agreed with my maths, and accepted the contra deal that I offered.
The truth is the polar opposite to that which Savea tried to present back to me!
I’m sure he lied here to try and manipulate the situation to make it sound like I fitted his pre-conceptions. Pride blinds though and these lies reveal a dark side to a man who has made a career out of seeking transparency and integrity from political leaders.
Imagine this for just one moment . . . a guy [me] who knows that he has a widespread “reputation” as a smooth-talking Palagi BS artist, blogs 250,000 words in over three years about Samoa and the Samoan culture but has no print media exposure in Samoa . . . walks into the Editor-in-Chief of Samoa’s primary newspaper [Savea], and argues with him insisting that he should publish his column, which by the way he has yet to even start writing. The Editor-in-Chief who has a reputation for taking on corruption in the previous Prime Minister’s government, and who was also pre-warned about this Palagi by his “trusted advisors” then cowers in fear . . . and succombs to the Palagi’s demands, and despite having enough columns already, reluctantly publishes those articles (for several months by the way) . . . until the Palagi respectfully asks to be paid for the work supplied in which case the Palagi should, in no uncertain terms “go for a hike”!
Ah – hem! Cough cough! Pur-leez!
If anyone wants to manipulate others by twisting the truth, I recommend that they make very sure that their story has at least SOME credibility!
The truth is of course exactly that which I wrote to Savea in reply. We’re both big boys. We talked. We agreed.
Samoans have an annoying habit of guessing an answer or tweaking the truth to give themselves benefit. It’s culturally acceptable to spin a little, especially to save face or to justify ourselves, but it’s wrong. Just a little bit of evil is still evil, and I’ve yet to see the love that is supposed to emanate from little white lies. In my book a little white lie very quickly darkens and overwhelms – at a personal, business or country level.
In my experience, most Palagi hate this trait.
Secondly, the next stage of Savea’s email shows a side of him, and many other Samoans that can be very threatening to Palagi, and is enormously distasteful to us, and that is the personalisation of business issues. Palagi can do this too, where they will slay the messenger, often through ad hominem attacks, but Samoans seem to take personal attacks to another level of intensity and frequency!
It’s not only Samoan to Palagi BTW, they are often brutal on their own, but it can be a real shock to come here to engage with Samoans, often bringing a positive attitude, perhaps wanting to help, yet finding out that you are being attacked personally for various reasons by various people.
In the Western world, we tend to compartmentalise people and issues a lot more than here in Samoa. An issue (such as a business contract gone wrong) can quickly become a personal one as the Samoan culture is much more relational. It means that you may try to develop a business or a brand but Samoans consider it related to you, and your family. This is why nepotism is rife. People view looking after people in their family with “cushy jobs” more important than the ethics, or professional aspects of an appointment.
When Savea attacks me, and not the issue, he shows his Samoan cultural bias. Palagi need to be aware of this bias and be ready to respond appropriately – with bravery and a thick skin!
Thirdly, Samoan Matais simply do not apologise – certainly not voluntarily. It seems to me that to do so triggers the ungodly fear that they may bring their entire family or even village into disrepute if they admit any error publicly. In three years of close working relationships in many villages, I have only seen one Matai apologise and that was in the context that if he didn’t he would probably go to jail, and he fled the country soon after that apology, too. Things are normally talked through with an excess of diplomacy so that everybody saves face, and no offence is caused.
I think that leaders who would bite the bullet and apologise for their errors will secretly have the respect of the vast majority of people. When or if that happens, the arrogance of the others would be very quickly revealed for what it is.
Lastly, I draw attention to my own response. Many believe that a Christian should be a pacifist, and read the scriptures where Jesus talks about turning the other cheek as a command to take the BS lying down. Nothing could be further from the truth. Jesus spoke directly to the faces of His accusers and let it be known very clearly to His detractors who He was. While I have extended grace and have let it all go (forgiveness in a biblical sense) to Savea, nothing will stop me telling anyone who asks about who Savea really is and what he has done. He has lied to me; he has insulted me; he has ripped me off and continues to deliberately ignore me. For this I believe he owes me an apology. I don’t care whether it was because of his pride, incompetence, stupidity, the Samoan gossip machine, his cultural bias or just basic errors of judgement, the facts remain and I have my opinions.
None of these things are illnesses. Samoan culture is not an excuse to justify his conduct, it is simply a culture. It should neither be an idol either that surpases issues of truth or justice – speak to the author of the Bible if you disagree with that!
I have deliberately measured my response to (for me) a difficult situation, so that people, including Savea, can see that while I can talk the talk, I also walk the walk.
And now my advice to all reading –
- Learn how to use the Internet to create your own brand and digital footprint.
- Then learn how to develop it, how to protect it and understand why this is important.
- Be aware that in this day and age your words, actions and character can be out there (online) at any moment, and once published it can never be totally removed.
- Be very careful when you try to rip me off as I might write about it. Brendan Battles, Mike Hart, Peter Vandever have all begged me to remove a simple, single factual post detailing their actions after extended periods of extending them plenty of grace. The Internet is simply a communications technology but it can be very helpful in outing crooks, especially ones who think that they have a reputation to lose.
I will update this post with Savea Sano Malifa’s responses if or when he says or does anything.
UPDATE [7 October 2015]: After two and a half years Sano has finally spoken. It took a court case to get a response, but no we know his side of the story! It’s all BS and this post has caused him so much pain and frustration that he wants $2m! Dream on Sano and I suggest that you get your facts right before you swear lies on oath!
- Savea Sano Malifa - Fooled by Gossip - the orginal post exposing Sano's foolish reliance on gossip
- Samoa Observer Sues Blogger for $2m - My initial notice following lodgement of Samoa Observer's Defence & Counterclaim
- Samoa Observer’s Dodgy Defence - Analysis of SA's document showing lies, twisting & logical fallacies
- Blogger Sues Samoa Observer - My [first] case against SA, the one that triggered their defamation case
- Open Letter – Samoa Observer - Telling it like it is!
- Observations on Samoa Observer - One example of SA's immoral conduct [theft]
- Suing Samoa Observer - An offer to help anyone anywhere sue SA
- MEDIA RELEASE: Samoa Observer Sues $2m - Media Release summarising the defamation case
- The Two Million Tala Palagi - The Book, contains all documents, web posts, the original articles and commentary
- Warning to lawyer Rosella V Papalii - Open Letter to Samoa Observer's lawyer discussing legal, moral and personal issues relating to the case.